Eritrea is expecting a very good harvest due to above average rainfall in most parts of the country. The announcement was made by the country’s Minister of Agriculture, Arefaine Berhe, while marking World Food Day on 16 October 2016 in the Hamelmalo College of Agricul-ture under the theme “Climate is Changing Food and Agriculture must too.”
According to a study, published in Nature Climate Change, there has been a recovery of the rainfall in the Sahel region prompted by rising temperatures in the Mediterranean Sea, climate science website CarbonBrief said.
The Sahel region stretches from the Atlantic coast of Mauritania and Senegal through to Sudan, Eritrea and the Red Sea. It gets almost all of its rainfall in one wet season between June and September.
Although, the study suggests that continued warming could make reliable rainfall more likely in the region, some scientists argue that climate change will be not beneficial for the Sahel – or Africa – overall.
Therefore, Eritrea’s location in the low rain and dry Sahel region makes this year’s World Food Day theme, “Climate is Changing Food and Agriculture must too.”, even more important, as Eritrea’s Agriculture Minister pointed out.
“Climate-smart agriculture is a matter of survival and this is precisely why Eritrea takes very seriously soil and water conservation, in general and water harvesting in particular,” the Minister said.
The Minister made the statement during the commemoration of the World Food Day held on 16 October 2016 in the Hamelmalo College of Agriculture under the theme “Climate is Changing Food and Agriculture must too.”
Highlighting that this year’s theme could not be more appropriate for Eritrea, Minister Arefaine pointed out that Eritrea is situated in the Sahelian part of Africa and thus the rains are usually insufficient and erratic. Hence, for Eritrea, climate-smart agriculture is a matter of survival, he added. The Minister stressed that is precisely why Eritrea takes very seriously soil and water conservation, in general and water harvesting in particular.
Statement by Mr. Arefaine Berhe, Minister of Agriculture, on World Food Day
Ladies and Gentlemen!
First of all I thank all of you for accepting our invitation and travelling all the way to mark this year’s World Food Day in this beautiful College of Agriculture. I also take this opportunity to express my profound gratitude to the Dean, and Community of the Hamelmalo College of Agriculture for offering us this beautiful venue. As was explained by the dean, this is the main institution which is producing professional work-force which is manning the public and private sector and above all our future professional farmers and that is why we cannot observe the World Food Day in A Better Place.
Ladies and Gentlemen!
This year’s theme is “Climate is Changing Food and Agriculture must too”. As we can all appreciate, Climate Change and its impact is Global and Eritrea, as a member of the International Community naturally thinks Globally but acts locally. And this is what is required of every member country inorder to sustain the health and productivity of the only planet we share.
This theme could not be more appropriate for Eritrea. As this country is situated in the Sahelian part of Africa, the rains are usually insufficient and erratic. Because of this situation, climate-smart agriculture, for us is not just a piece of UN agreement but more of a survival. And this is precisely the reason why Eritrea takes soil and water conservation, in general, and water harvesting in particular very seriously.
Ladies and Gentlemen!
As I said earlier for us climate centered programmes are not just obligations and responsibilities to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s) come 2030. On the contrary they are increasingly becoming part and parcel of our culture and everyday life.
To ensure the sustainability of these programmes, our kids are being introduced to the impact of the environment on our development efforts and on the lives of our people and their future progress. That is why green clubs are mushrooming in every school starting from the elementary level. These clubs are becoming beacons of awareness raising around their schools and the surrounding communities. Students at high school level also participate in summer campaigns where they are engaged in the construction of terraces, check-dams and tree planting. Communities, throughout Eritrea also participate in catchment treatment and land care on a regular basis. All the above-mentioned activities point to the cardinal issue of fighting against land degradation deforestation and desertification.
As you can appreciate carrying programmes is one thing, evaluating their progress and impact is quite another thing. The annual stock taking greening day is held every 15th May precisely for this purpose.
All stake-holders make intimate discussion about the pros and cons of the previous years’ performance and the following year’s plans.
Ladies and Gentlemen!
Soil and water conservation in general, and water harvesting in particular has direct bearing on the productivity of both crops and livestock and the final target of food and nutrition security. In Eritrea our strategy is to practice intensive and integrated agriculture, so that we can dedicate most of the land, especially the sloppy and drier areas to tree planting and closure establishment in order to enhance our natural resource base.
Ladies and Gentlemen!
Unlike most years this year’s rainfall was very good in most parts of the country and as a result, we are expecting very good harvest. But to sustain this we have to adapt to the Changing Climate. For a comprehensive Eritrean view about climate change and the responsibilities it bestows on us please refer to our small booklet, prepared for this occasion entitled “Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Production Systems”: The Eritrean context.
I would like express my gratitude to all our partners who participate in our development efforts and appeal to them to do more.Finally, I thank the organizing committee for a job well done.
President Uhuru Kenyatta has told traders at Mombasa’s Kongowea market to only pay for services offered to them. The President said the new market was built by the national government at a cost of Shs 500million and that the National Youth Service will from next week embark on cleaning of the market.
Addressing traders at Kongowea on Monday, the Head of State said there was no need for the county government to continue taxing the traders and yet it doesn’t provide services to them.
“There is no need for the county government to continue taxing the traders and yet they do not provide the services they have paid for,” said Mr Kenyatta.
He said the Government has launched investigations to establish claims that traders at the Kongowea market were not being served despite paying taxes.
He said the national government would not hesitate to take action against those who failed to deliver. “We cannot allow the people to suffer in the hands of some few individuals. Wananchi should only pay for services offered to them,” said President Kenyatta.
He warned police against harassing wananchi if they don’t pay for the services not offered. The President and Deputy President William Ruto, at the same time, told opposition candidate Raila Odinga that Kenyans will go to the polls on October 26 whether he participates or not.
The leaders said the Opposition leaders were scared of the elections because they have sensed defeat, saying they were scheming to have the elections delayed in another three months for their selfish gains.
They said the Opposition was bent on inciting Kenyans through demonstrations to cause confusion with the hope of getting into power through the backdoor.
“We know their games and we have said enough is enough. There will be no postponement. Mr Odinga should retire and honourably go home,” said the Deputy President.
President Kenyatta and DP Ruto told Mr Odinga to retire from politics if he was not ready to participate in the October 26 polls. Cabinet Secretary Najib Balala (Tourism), Governor Mike Sonko (Nairobi), Nyali MP Mohammed Ali, among others, also spoke at the meeting.
The Deputy President said Opposition leader was now opposed to the elections because he knows that he will win. President Kenyatta said Jubilee was ready and prepared to face the Opposition at the ballot and will not allow any attempts to have the elections postponed.
“The Opposition should stop sideshows and prepare for the next elections. Kenyans want to move away from elections to concentrate on development activities,” said President Kenyatta.
DP Ruto said the mass exodus of Kenyans who supported Nasa during the August 8 elections has shaken the Opposition and that’s why they want to interfere with the elections.
“We are tired of their rhetoric and stories and the country wants to move on. We must conclude elections on October 26. If those in Opposition are not ready, they should retire from politics,” said DP Ruto.
He added: “There is exodus of Kenyans from Nasa because they are tired of their empty rhetoric and want to support Jubilee which is committed to improving their lives.”
Mr Balala and Mr Sonko urged residents in coastal region to turn out in large numbers and support the reelection of President Kenyatta.
“It is time for us to move away from politics of propaganda and support Jubilee that is committed to improving our lives,” said Mr Sonko.
President Yoweri Museveni has told a meeting of African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troop-contributing countries (TCC) that their role in Somalia is purely for Pan African reasons of helping to stabilise Somalia. Uganda was the first country to deploy peace keeping troops in Somalia in 2007, under AMISOM to restore peace in the Horn of Africa. President Museveni addressing a meeting of AMISOM contributing countries said Uganda is not an employee of the United Nations.
AMISOM is the regional peacekeeping mission operated by the African Union with the approval of the United Nations in Somalia.
“This is a Pan-African venture. We are not employees of the United Nations (UN) or Somalia,” he said.
The President was last Thursday chairing a closed-door meeting, one of a kind, for countries contributing troops to AMISOM including Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda host Somalia and Djibouti in which they agreed to improve political and military co-ordination to ensure that peace and security is guaranteed in Somalia. A member of the African Union also attended the meeting.
According to a release from State House sources at the talks, priority centered at helping Somalia in building a strong national army and taking stock of the political situation. All parties agreed to keenly follow a review on AMISOM by the UN Secretary General.
The UN provides logistics, technical and training support to AMISOM and to the Somali National Army. The UN believes with enhanced support to AMISOM, the African Union Force and predictable funding, along with a co-ordinated effort to build the Somali National Army and Police Forces, Al Shabaab can be defeated.
Uganda was the first country to deploy in Somalia in 2007, under AMISOM to restore peace in the Horn of Africa.
During the meeting, Uganda was elected as official spokesperson of the troop-contributing countries.
The meeting was attended by the Prime Minister of Somalia Hassan Ali Khare, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia Desalegn Hailemariam, foreign affairs minister of Kenya Amina Muhammed, commissioner Ismael Chergui of the African Union, Allen Nyamitwe, the foreign affairs minister of Burundi.
Others were Yusuf Mahmoud, the foreign affairs minister of Djibouti, Abdullahi Rachid the defence minister of Somalia, foreign affairs minister Sam Kutesa, Chief of Defence Forces Gen. David Muhoozi, Uganda’s permanent representative to the UN Adoniya Ayebare and Maj. Gen. Kayemba, Uganda’s military adviser at the Uganda Mission in New York.
Arriving in Djibouti on 16 September to take part in the first Djibouto-Tunisian investment conference, Tunisian businessmen members of the Tunisia Africa Business Council, a newly created Business Council dedicated to Investments in Africa, were introduced yesterday to the head of State by the Minister to the presidency responsible for investments, Ali Guelleh Abd.
President Ismail Omar Guelleh warmly welcomed the Tunisian delegation led by Mr. Bassem Loukil, CEO of the eponymous group and president of the TABC
The head of State welcomed the Tunisian businessmen to Djibouti and spoke with them about the relations of friendship and cooperation between Tunisia and the Republic of Djibouti, the many similarities between the two countries and the partnership Between the two countries-which is in the process of being set up-and whose economic conference is the founding act.
The efforts made by the SDI to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) and the provisions that have been made in the area of investment guarantee have also been mentioned.
At the end of the interview, the head of the Tunisian delegation, Bassem Loukil did not conceal the determination of the TABC to quickly ratify economic projects in Djibouti in many areas, including information technology, Telecommunications, agro-food and housing.
“We are all the more motivated to launch these projects quickly in Djibouti as your country offers all the successes for important investments,” said Mr. Bassem Loukil, who thanked the people and the Government of Djibouti for the reception received at Djibouti.
The Minister to the Investment presidency, Mr. Ali Guelleh Abd, has expressed his pride in the interest of Tunisian investors in our country. For him, the two countries, bound by a long and old friendship, are about to write together a new page of their common history.
Oswego Police and the Kendall County Sheriff’s Office say a 76 year-old Wheaton man is in custody after he allegedly sexually assaulted and sexually abused an adult female victim in Oswego in 2016.
In a joint release, the agencies say 76 year-old Woldekidan Gebremedhin of W. Roosevelt Rd. in Wheaton is charged with two counts each of Criminal Sexual Assault and Criminal Sexual Abuse after he was arrested on a warrant at his home in Wheaton on Friday.
Qatar’s alleged support of terrorist organizations, which has already frayed its relation with Saudi Arabia, the UAE and other Gulf states, is also destabilizing East Africa.
Qatar’s withdrawal of its peacekeepers on June 14 from the Djibouti-Eritrea border was a form of punishment to the disputing countries which supported the quartet of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt, according to a senior researcher at a US Department of Defense think tank.
“Punishing Djibouti and Eritrea for breaking relations with Qatar was one reason for the withdraw of Qatari peacekeepers,” said Joseph Siegle, director of research for DOD funded African Center for Strategic Studies.
Qatar responded almost immediately after the two embattled countries announced support and removed nearly 500 troops it had kept since 2010 in a border.
Eritrea, which is larger and better armed than Djibouti, quickly moved into the disputed territories of Dumeira mountain and Dumeira Island.
Although no shots were fired, tensions have increased dramatically in the area. In June 2008, the two countries fought a brief war that claimed roughly 200 dead and wounded. Qatari peacekeepers arrived in 2010 as part of a Doha led mediation process.
In a renewed round of open conflict, the odds would heavily favor Eritrea. Eritrea has a veteran military as well as larger numbers of armored fighting vehicles and combat aircraft.
“The military and the state apparatus are full of veterans of previous conflicts,” Siegle said. “In fact, the state as an institution is more focused on conflict than Djibouti.”
He said the tense situation is yet another unhappy consequence of Qatari policies that have provoked a range of harsh responses from its neighbors. The persistent efforts by its Gulf neighbors to punish and isolate it since June have strained its resources so that the removal of peacekeepers is as much an act of redeployment as retribution.
“I think it’s a combination of the reason that is most strategic and Qatar has a limited number of forces and it is dealing with the more threatening situation given the current embargo,” Siegel said.
“It has bigger strategic interests than the border dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea. I think punishing Djibouti for breaking relations with Qatar was a factor but, it was secondary in the context of the current crisis. Qatar has other ways of punishing Djibouti in the regional context.”
>> READ MORE : Peaceful Settlement of Eritrea – Djibouti Conflict Achieved: Qatar
The dispute lies along a small section of the 110-kilometer-long Djiboutian-Eritrean frontier. An agreement signed in 1900 between France and Italy left the precise location of the border along the Dumeira Mountain and Dumeira Islands ill defined.
Djibouti is a founding member of the Islamic Military Alliance to Fight Terrorism founded by Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman, Saudi Arabia’s Minister of Defense and the small Red Sea nation has also formally joined the US-led and anti-ISIS coalition.
Qatar’s sudden withdraw may not have only cost Djibouti a strip of its territory. Djibouti also worries about the fate of its Djiboutian prisoners of war held by Eritrea – an issue that Qatar had attempted to negotiate.
At the end of the 2008 conflict, Eritrea held 19 Djiboutian prisoners of war. Four were later were released, and two escaped according to the Djiboutian government.
>> ALSO READ : Eritrea Freed Djibouti Prisoners of War
“[Eritrea] continues to spread blatant lies about the prisoner’s condition and has refused to account for them despite repeated calls by the Security Council,” according to Mohammed Dualeh, Djibouti’s ambassador to the United Nations.
Djibouti hosts several foreign military bases, Camp Lemonier, a former French Foreign Legion outpost, has been America’s only permanent military base in Africa since 2001.
The country has also welcomed military bases from China and Japan in recent years. Via Tesfa News!
Six men who cut off the hand of a 6 years old Albino Tanzanian boy for money ritual in 2013 has been sentenced to 20 years in imprisonment each by a Tanzanian Court.
Albinos has been hunted like wide life in Tanzania as their body parts is said to be of huge importance in witchcraft and rituals. For Tanzanians where sentenced to death in 2015 after they abducted a 15 years old Albino boy, killed him and dismembered his body for rituals
An estimated 75 Albinos where kileed in Tanzania between the year 2000 – 2015, United Nations sources said. This is just a rough estimate and does not represent the actual number of Albino victims in Tanzania, as most rituals occur in remote villages where not included in the statistics.
While a man was sentenced to 30 years in jail by Tanzanian court for impregnating a school, many has been wondering why adults who where convicted of hacking off a minors hand, which is tantamount to murder where given a paltry 20 years in imprisonment.
The Supreme Court of Kenya had annulled the August 8th presidential election in which incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta was declared winner by the IEBC having obtained 54% of the total vote cast. Kenya’s Independent Electoral And Boundary Commission (IEBC) has set the date for re-election on the 17th of October 2017.
Recall that a similar incident took place in 2007 and sparked a chain of violence which claimed the lives of about 1100 persons. The election violence that took place on August 8th was mild in comparison to that of 2007 as about 20 persons were reported dead.
The August 8th election was cancelled by Chief Justice David Maraga on Friday, saying that the Independent Electoral And Boundary Commission had failed to hold a lawful poll, as a result, the outcome of the election is invalid, null and void.
The Chief Justice added that IEBC had committed irregularities and illegalities during the process of collation of results from polling units and transfer to central counting center.
Having conducted an election viewed by the supreme court as marred by illegalities and irregularities, Odinga has no trust on the IEBC as a result. He is demanding that the head of IEBC and other big shots in IEBC be replaced before the nation polls. They are also demanding that a different company should be given the contract to print the ballot papers for the forth coming elections.
MOGADISHU – Al Shabaab terrorist invaded an army barrack in Kismayu, a port city in the southern region of Somalia in the early hours of Sunday morning, said a Somalian military official. He added that the details of casualties is not yet known.
Though, Al Shabaab claimed responsibility for the raid, saying that 26 army personnel were killed in the event, but it could not be verified by other reliable sources.
Spokesperson for the dreaded terrorist group, Abdiasis Abu Musab, told Reuters: “This morning, we stormed Bula Gudud. We killed 26 soldiers and burnt 2 cars.” However, Al Shabaab terrorist group who are linked to Al Qaeda Terrorist Network is known to exaggerate casualty figures.
Somalian National radio station also announced that the base has been raided by Al Shabaab terrorist but could not ascertain the number of casualties.
Kenya’s supreme court has declared Uhuru Kenyatta’s victory in presidential elections last month invalid and ordered a new poll within 60 days.
The six-judge bench ruled 4-2 in favour of a petition filed by Odinga, who claimed the electronic voting results were hacked into and manipulated in favour of the incumbent. Kenyatta had won a second term with 54% of the vote.
“The declaration is invalid, null and void,” said Judge David Maranga. “The first respondent failed, neglected or refused to conduct the presidential election in a manner consistent with the dictates of the constitution.”
The hearing followed a petition filed by Odinga in the aftermath of his defeat last month.
Opposition officials repeatedly described the election results as a “fraud” and claimed that Odinga, who leads the National Super Alliance (NASA), was the “legitimate” winner.
Odinga was jubilant as he welcomed what he called a “precedent-setting ruling” by the court
“For the first time in the history of African democratization, a ruling has been made by a court nullifying the election of a president,” he said. “This indeed is a very historic day for the people of Kenya and by extension the people of the continent of Africa.”
This happened in Zambia too, Emmanuel Mwamba was in a hotel with a computer which was linked to the totalling Center, he had a pass words and was able to manipulate figures. The ECZ was announcing figures which didn’t match.
This is the time to appeal to African UNION and SADC to change the way elections are conducted in Africa. This will help to Promote DEMOCRACY in AFRICA. It will also help to save lives, to alleviate poverty and CORRUPTION. A PROSPEROUS AFRICA will emerge once AFRICAN UNION CLEAN UP THEIR HOUSE.